Here we take a look at five of the worst Open chokes, highlighted by Jean Van de Velde's 72nd hole collapse at Carnoustie in 1999

5 Worst Open Golf Chokes

The Open Championship returns to Royal Portrush this year and given the immense difficulty of the Dunluce links it would not be surprising to see golfers struggling down the stretch.

So bearing this in mind here we take a look at the five worst Open chokes…

5 Worst Open Golf Chokes

Worst Open Golf Choke #1: Jean Van de Velde, Carnoustie, 1999

Jean Van De Velde in the Barry Burn

Jean Van de Velde in the Barry Burn . Credit: Ross Kinnaird /Allsport

Standing on the final tee, journeyman French golfer Jean van de Velde led The Open Championship of 1999 by three shots. What followed was the worst Open Golf choke ever.

“Here was a man who had a golf tournament won,” reflected Jack Nicklaus “and mentally and strategically played a hole so badly that it cost him the golf tournament.”

Van de Velde had won only once before on tour: the Roma Masters in 1993. This was one of the less prestigious events on tour. With below-average prize money, it was a not a draw for the best players and it survived only two years as a European Tour event.

On the 487-yard par 4 of the 1999 Open at Carnoustie Van de Velde took out his driver. Two of the three previous times he played this hole, he had made birdie; the other time it was par. Now, even a double bogey would see him home.

A wayward drive went over the burn on the right of the fairway, but found land. Rather than chip back on to the fairway and play to the green with his third shot, he went for the green with his 2-iron.

This shot hit the greenside grandstand. In itself that would not normally have been a problem, as he would be given a free drop. But the ball hit a rail on the grandstand and ricocheted from it. That was bad break number one.

Jean Van de Velde hits his fifth shot on the 72nd hole at the 1999 Open at Carnoustie. (Photo by David Cannon/Getty Images)

The ball then rebounded onto the stone wall of the Barry Burn and then bounced up and fifty yards backwards into knee-deep rough – bad break number two.

With a third shot hacked out of the rough, he dumped the ball into the Barry Burn.

Van de Velde followed the ball, having taken off his shoes and socks and rolled up his trousers, and he contemplated playing out of the water.

But sense prevailed and he took a drop. Now he needed to get up and down to win. His fifth shot went into a greenside bunker.

He splashed out to 6ft and holed the putt to at least salvage something in that this left him in a three-way play-off. But he lost out in this to Paul Lawrie.

For a television advert for a putter, Van de Velde returned to Carnoustie that winter to replay the hole using only this putter to see if he could do it in the six shots he had needed.

He did so at the third attempt.

Worst Open Golf chokes #2: Adam Scott, Royal Lytham & St. Annes, 2012

Adam Scott of Australia reacts to his missed par putt on the 18th green. Credit: Harry How/Getty Images

Australian Adam Scott had led at Royal Lytham & St. Annes in the 141st Open from the end of the first round until, well, virtually the very end.

Standing on the 15th tee for the last time, in the final pairing, he was four shots clear.

But he bogeyed these final four holes to let Ernie Els in to win his fourth Major.

At one stage on that final day Els had been seven shots behind Scott. But Els stormed through the back nine in four-under-par.

Scott was standing at 10 under par, one over for his round, after 14 holes of the final round. But he missed putts for par on 15 and 16. The one on 16 was from 5ft.

“The putt on 16 was huge for him to miss that,” said Graeme McDowell, who was playing with Scott.

As Scott was walking to his drive on the 17th he heard a roar from the 18th – Ernie Els had just made birdie, to finish on 7 under.

Adam Scott congratulates Ernie Els

Adam Scott congratulates Ernie Els

Scott then sent his 6-iron approach from 176 yards into the rough where it nestled down.

“He hit a great drive down the middle of 17, and half of England right of that pin, and he missed it left,” recalled McDowell.

“I turned it over into the 17th,” Scott said. “It wasn’t a good shot.”

As Els admitted later, he was now hoping that he might make a play-off. Just so long as Scott did not match Els’ birdie on the last. If Scott made par, Els and he would be in play-off.

Scott hit his drive on 18 into a pot bunker. He chipped out and the hit his approach to the par 4 to 12ft. He now needed to sink that 12ft putt to force a play-off with Els.

He missed it left.

“I’m very disappointed, but I played so beautifully for most of the week I really shouldn’t let this bring me down,” said Scott in his post-round interview. “I know I’ve let a really great chance slip through my fingers today, but somehow I’ll look back and take the positives from it.”

“I am just numb at the moment,” said Els in his interview. “I feel for Adam Scott, he is a great friend of mine. We both wanted to win so badly, but I really feel for him.”

Worst Open Golf chokes #3: Thomas Bjorn, Royal St George’s, 2003

When seeking putative Open chokes in the making at Royal St George’s in 2003 it would have been hard to know just where to look. It seemed to be that everyone who was getting close to winning had second thoughts about it.

Prime contender for one of the worst Open chokes would have been Ben Curtis. The 750-1 longshot had shot six-under in the first 11 holes on the final day but then dropped four strokes in the next six holes.

But by sinking a 12ft putt for par on the final hole he had at least made himself the clubhouse leader.

That hoover-up of Major titles, Tiger Woods was hunting down another one before he dropped shots at the 15th and 17th to finish two shots off the title.

Vijay Singh came up one shot short having also dropped shots down the stretch.

But the man who suffered one of the biggest Open chokes was Thomas Bjorn. Bjorn had a three-shot lead with four holes to play.

On 15 his tee shot rolled into a pot bunker, from which he was forced to chip out sideways. A bogey was the eventual result.

A disappointed Thomas Bjorn on the final green

He again found a bunker from the tee on the par-3 16th when the ball rolled off the green into one.

He escaped from the sand, and the ball landed on the green – and rolled back into the bunker. He tried again, and the result was identical.

Minutes later he was walking off with a 5 on his scorecard. He was now only joint leader for The Open with clubhouse leader Curtis.

On 17, he drove into the rough, and his approach fell short of the green. His chip went beyond the flag leaving him a 6ft putt for par. He missed it.

“When he got that bogey, I knew we had won,” said Curtis’ caddie, Andrew Sutton.

Bjorn now had to birdie the final hole to force a play-off. Only one man had birdied that final hole all day.

When Bjorn made par on 18, it meant he had lost out on being Open Champion by one stroke.

That 17th hole had been the undoing of Bjorn in more ways than one. Earlier in the tournament in his frustration at his failure to escape the bunker he slammed his wedge down in disgust thus incurring two penalty strokes for grounding his club.

Two year years later, Bjorn stood on the 17th tee at K Club jointly leading the European Open. He took 11 on the hole and finished in 33rd position.

Worst Open Golf Choke #4: Leo Diegel,  Royal Liverpool, 1930

Leo Diegel began caddying aged ten and, aged 17, in 1916, won the Michigan Open. In 1920 he first played in his first US Open and finished runner up.

He won two Majors in a career cut short by a shoulder injury. Both of these were in matchplay tournaments – the 1928 and 1929 USPGA Championship.

Eight times he finished the top 10 of the US Open or The Open, the only two strokeplay Majors during most of his career. In the USPGA he was once losing finalist, once losing quarter-finalist.

Leo Diegel was an excellent striker of the ball, but he could struggle on the green. After some experimenting, he developed a way of putting which dampened his chance of calamity.

He used an extra-long putter, a forerunner of the belly putter, which he pressed to his waist during the stroke. When he putted he crouched over the ball, with his elbows jutting out so that his forearms pointed in a straight line parallel to the target line.

His style caused much comment, but it had a much to recommend it. He crouched so low that he looked straight down on the ball, and a twist of head meant he looked straight down the target line. When the stroke was played with a pendulum motion, it is hard to twist the putter face out of perpendicular during the stroke.

As a result, this method briefly caught on and this style of putting was known as ‘diegeling’.

Diegel’s Open golf choke came in the 1930 tournament. On the final green he has a tiddler to knock in for par and a share of the lead.

Bernard Darwin described what happened as: “Finally he laid his putt apparently stone-dead in three at the ‘Home’ hole and missed the putt by the widest possible margin”.

Later, the notion took hold that Diegel has missed the ball altogether, that an attack of the yips caused him to whiff the ball, that is, play an air shot. These days there would be definite proof by way of television pictures; then there was just eye-witness accounts, reportage and anecdote.

In Golf Between Two Wars, Darwin said that Leo had utterly failed to hit it, which was interpreted that Diegel had actually missed the ball, a horrendous case of the yips if so. But, of course it could just mean that Diegel had not committed to the shot, and badly miss- or under-hit it.

Air shots at The Open are not unknowns, Hale Irwin missed a tap in from three inches in the 1983 Open, This cannot be classified as a Open Golf choke for our list however, as it was in the second round, and a result of carelessness.

Why Irwin’s is so well remembered, is that it cost him his chance of the title as he finished one shot behind winner Tom Watson, Had he made that 3in tap in two days earlier he would have been in a play-off with Watson.

Worst Open Golf Chokes #5: Doug Sanders, St Andrews, 1970

Doug Sanders lines up his second putt on the 18th green. Credit: Getty Images famous for his putting ability, attempting a short putt across the 'Valley of Sin' at the 18th hole at St Andrews during the 1970 British Open Championship. He missed the shot and it cost him the championship. Doug Sanders is the only man to win the Canadian Open as an amateur. The Royal and Ancient golf club at St Andrews was founded in 1754 and recognised as the Governing Authority on the rules of the game in 1897. There are now more than 100 countries and associations affiliated to the famous club. (Photo by A. Jones/Express/Getty Images) open golf choke

Doug Sanders lines up his second putt on the 18th green. Credit: Getty Images

Having saved par from the bunker on the Road Hole, Doug Sanders stood on the 18th tee of the 1970 Open holding a one-shot lead.

His drive from the tee was long and took him to within 75 yards of the green.

He knew the distance to the green as he had paced it out before playing his approach shot. But this shot was over-hit, coming to rest at the back of the green and leaving him a downhill putt.

This putt came up 3ft short. This left him with a 3ft putt to win The Open.

He took a long time reading the putt, and then settled down to play the shot. Then he stopped to flick a bit of debris off the line.

The watching Ben Hogan said under his breath: “Back away, back away.”

But rather than walk away and re-start his pre-shot routine, Sanders played. And pushed it right.

“I never got set,” Sanders admitted afterwards.

This took him into an 18-hole play-off with Jack Nicklaus, who went on to win the seventh of his 18 Majors.

Sanders’ choke meant he settled for his fourth runner-up finish in a Major, and the second time at The Open.

Sanders was born to a poor family, picked cotton as a youth and was self-taught as a golfer.

“If I had made that putt, all the endorsements, the clothing lines, the golf-course designs,” Sanders reflected later in life on his Open golf choke.

“It’s like buying a lottery ticket worth $200 million and then dropping it in the can and watching the numbers wash away. I felt like I cheated myself.”

“But measure my worth in friendships and I’m rich. This game has given me the opportunity to play golf with presidents and kings.”

In 2000, on the 30th anniversary of his Open Golf choke, Sanders told an interviewer: “It doesn’t hurt much anymore. These days I can go a full five minutes without thinking about it.”

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